Frequently Asked Questions

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In vitro fertilization (IVF) process begins by extracting eggs from female (wife) and collecting sperm sample from male (husband) and combing them in a laboratory setting. The egg and sperm meet in a controlled environment, and once the egg is fertilized it is planted in the female (wife’s) uterus.

We recommend IVF in cases where:

  • Couples who have been unsuccessful with simpler treatments like iui
  • Women with age-related infertility
  • Women with low ovarian reserve
  • Women with recurrent miscarriage
  • Women or men who carry or have a family history of genetic defects
  • Women with blocked or damaged fallopian tubes
  • Women who are unable to ovulate
  • Women with polycystic ovary syndrome (pcos)
  • Women with endometriosis
  • Men with poor sperm quality or quantity
  • Couples with unexplained infertility

Genova IVF fertility specialist will review your history and advise accordingly.

Although IVF is considered a minor procedure as it does not require any incisions or stiches. However, you may experience some reactions to the fertility drugs given during the process. Some of these side effects are mild, such as mood changes, anxiety and headaches as the drugs effect the hormone levels in your body. Since the chemical balance is affected in your body you might notice some weight gain or bloating. Fertility drugs stimulate your ovaries to work overtime and produce multiple eggs and in rare cases this may result in (OHSS) ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, which can cause mild to severe symptoms.

IVF does not affect your body’s ability to get pregnant naturally. It is common for couples who undergo IVF to have their second baby through natural intercourse. IVF does not decrease their chance to have more children naturally in the future provided there is no major infertility issue.

Yes, age is inversely related to fertility. This means your fertility decreases as you age. This is specifically true for women. A woman’s fertility peaks in her early twenties, declining gradually by about 30, and steeply after age 35. This comes as a surprise to many modern women who feel young and energetic in their late 30’s and 40’s. The reason for this gradual decrease in fertility is because women are born with a finite egg reserve. With time the egg reserve and quality decreases which reduces your chance of pregnancy. By the time a woman reaches 40 her egg reserves is almost depleted.

Men continue to produce sperm throughout their reproductive lives and generally their fertility is only reduced slightly with age.

If you are planning to postpone having a child for personal or medical reasons, we recommend having your eggs and sperm frozen. It literally freezes your biological clock!

IVF is the more universally known term of treatment for infertility and stands for in-vitro fertilization. This basically involves the fertilization of a GROUP of oocytes (eggs) in a petri-dish with a few micro litres of washed and processed sperm.

ICSI stands for intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection and involves the injection of EACH oocyte (egg) with a SINGLE sperm selected by the embryologist. Embryologists select each sperm based on its morphology (how it looks) and its motility (how it moves). This manual selection of sperm allows patients with even exceptionally low sperm counts and poor sperm motility to get the best possible chance of fertilizing oocytes – a process that may have difficulty occurring naturally.

In theory, different types of patients require different forms of treatment. However, we at Genova IVF (along with many other clinics dealing with South-Asian populations in India, Nepal and Pakistan) have found better results after using ICSI so we exclusively use this line of treatment in our lab.

Following both IVF and ICSI, the process of embryo development and successive embryo transfer and/or freezing is the same. Embryologists will monitor the development of the embryos until the 5 th or 6 th day and select the best ones to transfer to the woman’s uterus or and/or freeze.

At Genova IVF, our experienced embryologists and fertility doctors would be happy to speak with you further to explain the IVF and ICSI process and how it can help you overcome your fertility issues and increase your chance of pregnancy.

Intracytoplasmic sperm injection, or ICSI, involves injecting the husband’s single live sperm directly into the centre of the wife’s egg. ICSI improves the chance of fertilization by 80%. ICSI is more effective than normal IVF and the technology evolved to achieve fertilization when male infertility is the issue or previous IVF cycles were not successful. ICSI overcomes m any of the barriers to fertilization and allows couples with little hope of achieving a successful pregnancy to obtain fertilized embryos.

The technique requires the female partner to undergo ovarian stimulation with the infertility medications so that many mature eggs develop. These eggs are then aspirated via the vagina using vaginal ultrasound and incubated under precise conditions in the embryology department. The semen sample is prepared by centrifuging or spinning the sperm cells via a special medium. This separates active sperm from most of the dead sperm. After that embryologist picks up the single active/live sperm in a glass needle and injects it directly into the egg.

There are no limits to the number of ICSI cycles you can have. Some couples have had more than ten ICSI cycles, while others have stopped after their first cycle. This decision is entirely up to the couple and the fertility specialists.

Yes, but it’s very rare. Although we always place the fertilized eggs back in the uterus, it may happen that an egg will move to a fallopian tube and begins to grow as an ectopic pregnancy.

IUI is generally the first procedure most couples are recommended in fertility treatment. This is because the procedure is affordable and uncomplicated to perform. In this process, washed sperms from the husband sample are deposited in the wife’s uterus around the time of ovulation, through a fine catheter inserted via the cervix into the uterus. This is generally done in case there is no pregnancy after natural intercourse, or the sperm count in the male partner is low (called oligospermia).

A pre-IUI workup is performed to make sure you are in good health to have a baby. We will take your blood sample to assess your hormone levels and perform an ultrasound to ensure that your uterus is ready to support a healthy pregnancy.

IUI procedure is less successful that IVF. This is because it does not bypass any major infertility issue that you may have. However, many lucky couples have had success with IUI. Your success rate depends on many factors such as age, how well you respond to stimulation, duration of your infertility, cause of infertility and your husband’s sperm count and quality.

Male fertility program at Genova IVF is one of the most comprehensive of its kind, with the most advance andrology lab, comfortable and private sperm collection room and male fertility experts.

Our highly trained team specializes in quickly identifying male factor infertility issues.

Genova IVF Male infertility workup includes:

  • reviewing male partner’s medical history
  • semen analysis test
  • if needed, a physical exam

Yes and no. The European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology Association of Andrology (ESHRE) recommends a 3 to 4 day abstinence time frame. So, this means you would have to last have ejaculated NO MORE or NO LESS than 3-4 days prior to giving your semen sample for analysis. We at Genova IVF recommend you follow this time frame so that we can determine the course of treatment/diagnosis without any external variables into play.

  • Overweight or obese
  • Smoking cigarettes
  • Excessive use of alcohol
  • Use of some medications
  • Recreational drugs
  • Prolonged stress
  • Unhealthy lifestyle
  • Cancer treatment and chemotherapy

Yes. IVF and ICSI are in accordance with Islamic law and Pakistani law. Most Muslim scholars agree that IVF, ICSI and fertility treatment are permitted in Islam if a married couple cannot conceive through natural intercourse. There are verses in the Holy Quran that comfort couples with infertility and back the opinion of the scholars.

It should be noted that use of donor eggs and/or sperm and surrogacy is not allowed in Islam and is illegal in Pakistan.

At Genova IVF, we offer treatment to couples that are married and take extra measures to ensure that the egg is retrieved from the wife and sperm sample is taken from the husband. The resulting fertilized embryo is transferred to the wife’s womb. This ensures that we follow both Islamic and Pakistani law.

Rest assured that we at Genova IVF have an extremely strict two-person witnessing system which does not allow for such mix-ups. There must be a minimum of two embryologists in our lab at a time so they can match each patient’s full (wife’s name and husband’s name) to the dish containing their embryos/eggs/sperm. The consultants will confirm the patient’s full name before any procedures take place along with confirming with the lab.

To make this check even tighter, you (the patient) will verify your name and your husbands name ad your date of birth through the hatch into the lab personally with the embryologists before each procedure. Your name tag/hospital bracelet will have your name, your husbands name as well as your date of birth on it so that is another point of verification. So even if your name is the same/similar to another one of our patients on that day, your date of birth will be unique!

We have also assigned each patient with a number that is specific to that couple so there is an extra confirmation check that needs to be passed before any procedures happen.

In vitro fertilization literally means fertilization outside the body. In this process egg is retrieved from the wife and sperm is collected from the husband. The egg and sperm are then combined in the embryology lab using culture dishes and test tubes. Once the egg is fertilized it is placed back in the wife’s womb so the embryo can develop naturally. The best centres ensure that the environment of the embryology lab is optimal for healthy embryo development. Genova is one of the best centre in Lahore with the most advance technology to ensure your pregnancy success. Call our UAN 0340-111-1022 and book your first free consultation today in our Fertility centre Lahore.

Is one of the most common fertility treatments used around the world. It is a revolutionary treatment giving hope to couples with fertility issues to start their families. is effective in many cases and is normally advised by our fertility doctors to patients who have: Tubal disease, age related infertility, PCOS, endometriosis, male factor infertility, genetic diseases, unexplained infertility and multiple failed IUI cycles. Genova is one of the best centres in Lahore and has a state-of-the-art facility to ensure you get the best results. Call our UAN 0340-111-1022 and book your first free consultation today in our Fertility centre Lahore.

A centre is a fertility clinic where patients who are unable to have children are treated. Genova fertility centre Lahore offers wide range of fertility treatments to both male and females. We are one of the best center in Lahore and are equipped with the most advance equipment and facility. Call our UAN 0340-111-1022 and book your first free consultation today in our Fertility centre Lahore.

Genova & fertility center Lahore is a state-of-the-art centre. Here are the features of a state-of-the-art fertility centre:

  • Have a comfortable and welcoming environment for patients
  • Take extra steps to ensure patient privacy and confidentiality
  • Personalized treatment plans and protocols for each patient
  • Ethical and trustworthy
  • Advance equipment
  • Well planned facility
  • Expert fertility consultants and embryologists
  • Wellness programs

Choosing the best center in Lahore is critical and may make a difference in success or failure of your fertility treatment. It is also a very difficult decision as one has to look for many variables when choosing a fertility center in Lahore, as the options are limited. When choosing the best center in Lahore you should look for:

  • The medical staff of the clinic and their experience and qualifications
  • Experience of medical professional staff in handling your fertility complications
  • An advance embryology lab that follows international accepted sops and protocols
  • A clean and safe environment
  • Convenient location
  • Experienced counsellors and health coach to help you improve your lifestyle